Canadian universities educate more than 1.5 million students annually. Degrees conferred from Canadian universities include the Bachelor's, Master's and Ph.D. Canada’s higher education institutions are diverse – varying in size, character, and breadth of programs – and they are located across the country. There is no federal ministry of education or formal accreditation system. Instead the university’s provincial government charter is generally deemed the equivalent. There are almost no private universities.
Undergraduate programs in the humanities, social sciences, physical and applied sciences are available at most universities in Canada. However, professional programs, such as medicine, dentistry, law, architecture, engineering and journalism, are not available in all provinces. Universities in most provinces do not have professional programs available at the undergraduate level. You must have completed (or nearly completed) an undergraduate qualification in order to be eligible to apply for a graduate / professional degree such as medicine, law, dentistry, etc.
Description and Types of Schools
Canada also has community colleges, and in most provinces there are colleges of general and vocational education that are different from universities. These non-degree granting institutions offer technical or vocational post-secondary courses or courses for transfer to a university.
Entrance Requirements/Admissions Procedures
The application process in Canada varies somewhat from province to province. In most cases you have to apply directly to each university because applications are mostly decentralized. Ontario has by far the most universities, and therefore has a centralized application system. A majority of the post-secondary institutions in Ontario use the OUAC (Ontario University Application Center) as a central application agency.
Although a student may be a Canadian, they must follow the application process for International school students. The school is accredited by the US organization, so you may have to submit additional external assessments (such as SAT or ACT) as would be the case for all schools accredited by US organizations. The same is true for a non-Canadian passport holder. Always check the university catalogs for the information pertaining to “Graduates from Outside Canada."
Students spend between CAD $15,000 to $50,000 (excluding medicine degrees) on tuition per year. Each university calendar lists the individual fees, often separated by area of study and scholarships available. Some provinces in Canada charge higher fees for international students than Canadian students, so international students will pay quite different fees from Canadian citizens. In some cases, this may be up to 10 times more. Therefore, it is important to check the international fees on the university websites.